2. Transferring the design onto lino
The final print is a mirror image of the original piece of lino, so it must be reversed. I trace my design using a soft pencil, then reverse the paper so the pencil lines are facing down on the line and retrace with a biro so the image transfers, in reverse, onto the lino.
3. Carving the design.
Using a sharp carving tool called a gouger I carve away the white parts first, leaving the areas I want to be inked. For multiple colours, I repeat this stage after each colour has been printed. This is called the 'reduction method'. With each subsequent colour more of the piece of lino is cut away, consequently the process cannot be repeated because it is gradually being destroyed!
5. Registration marks
For multiple colours I have to make sure I get the paper in exactly the right place with each subsequent pass of the press. To do this I mark on the press bed exactly where the lino has to lie and exactly where I have to place the left hand side of the paper. This ensures that the print appears in the right place on the paper and for multiple colours and that it prints in the same place each time.
I roll a mixture of printing ink and reducng mdium very thinly onto a slab of glass and then roll it onto the lino. Then I place the inked lino on the press bed and carefully lie my paper over the top. I smooth over the top of it with a flat hand; this loosely fixes the paper in place before I apply the pressure of the press.
1. Designing the image
I work from a combination of observational drawings, photographic references and from my imagination. At this stage I am already considering the practicalities of working with the lino, such as the size and shape of the lino; the physical limitations of the lino and how intricate a design it will allow.
What is meant by 'Printmaking'?
Printmaking is an art form where the image is made from an indirect source. I use lino, but it can be anything! There are lots of types of printmaking methods and many are capable of producing multiple copies of nearly identical images. However, even though some methods might be suitable for creating large numbers of prints, the artist-printmaker is often more interested in the creative aspect of the discipline, choosing to produce only very small numbers of prints.
My method -'Reduction Method'
The reduction method is a process of making multicoloured linoprints using just one piece of lino. There are variations on how artists do this, but this is how I do it:
First cut out areas to remain white, then print the first colour. Then carve away the areas to remain the first colour and print the second colour. Then carve away the areas to remain the second colour and print the third colour. Repeat the process until complete. Step-by-step demonstration below: